besaar) in Nepali, nghệ in Vietnamese, Kamin in Thai, kunjit in Indonesian, borrie in Afrikaans and. It has large, lanceolate leaves, dense spikes of tubular flowers and fleshy, tuberous roots. In Azerbaijani, it is called zerdeçal. So let’s look at various names of Turmeric in different languages. In fact, turmeric goes by the name of yellow ginger in some cultures as its knobby rhizome is said to resemble ginger. There are 7 to 12 leaves, the leaf sheaths forms the pseudo stem. The fingers and bulbs are cylindrical or sub-cylindrical in shape, bluntly tapering at both ends. The paste or cream of the rhizome is applied externally for brightening the colour of the skin. It is used to support a number of systems and functions in the body: Plant Description: Curcuma longa is a rhizomatous, perennial herb. Curcumin is a bright yellow chemical produced by Curcuma longa plants. In Korean, it is called. Turmeric also has a great importance as a medicinal plant. Turmeric is also loaded with nutrients too. Its rhizomes have traditionally been used both in food preparation and as a medicine. There are 7 to 12 leaves, the leaf sheaths forms the pseudo stem. Highly branched, yellow to orange, cylindrical, aromatic rhizomes are found. Curcuma longa is a member of the Zingiberaceae or ginger family. Curcuma longa is a member of the Zingiberaceae or ginger family. The botanical name for turmeric is Curcuma longa and it is part of the Zingiberaceae family which also includes ginger, galangal and cardamom. Two closely related plants, Curcuma petolata and Curcuma roscoeana, are natives of Cambodia and are grown for their decorative foliage and blossoms. It combats the problem of Feverishness. In Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, and German, turmeric is called kurkuma. It goes by other names, such as saffron or yuquilla stick. Turmeric is widely grown both as a kitchen spice and for its medicinal uses. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Sinhalese people turmeric with name Kaha. All curcumas are perennial plants native to southern Asia. Turmeric is derived from Classical Arabic “kurkum”, which means saffron, the clear bright yellow dye. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. In Belarusian, Bulgarian and Macedonian, it is called куркума, in Bosnian, it is kurkuma, in Catalan, it goes closer to scientific name and is called Curcuma. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. What Are The Different Types of Aloe Vera. Wetland Status. It is also cultivated in Nigeria and many other tropical countries. Botanical Name: Curcuma longa Main Constituents: Total Turmerones: 10 - 40% Plant Part: Root Origin: India Processing Method: Steam Distilled Description / Color / Consistency: Pale yellow to orange-yellow liquid. On the basis of duration of crop, turmeric can be classified into 3 main categories: Long duration types (9 Months) has Tekurpet, Duggirala, Armur and Mydukuru variety of Turmeric, Medium Duration types (8 Months) has Kothapet, Krishna and Kesar variety of Turmeric  and Short Duration types (7 Months) has Amalapuram and Dindigram varieties. Turmeric is a plant that is regularly and commonly used in households, not only as a spice but also for medicinal purposes. In fact, turmeric goes by the name of yellow ginger in some cultures as its knobby rhizome is said to resemble ginger. 1-4 flowers are born in axil of the bract opening one at a time. As early as 3000 BC, the turmeric plants were cultivated by Harappan civilization. Plant order of turmeric. of the family Zingiberaceae. Curcuma longa, commonly known as turmeric, is a tropical rhizomatous herbaceous perennial in the ginger family. It is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) and, like ginger, is considered a spice. Eastern – Curcuma longa, C. zedoaria. of rhizome. Geographical source: Turmeric is obtained from plants cultivated in India, China, Indonesia, Bangladesh and Asian countries. It should not be used during pregnancy. The drug is hard and heavy and breaks with a short fracture. and Curcuma longa Linn. The plant reaches barely three feet in height and produces both a flower and a rhizome, or stem that … The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Its botanical name is Curcuma longa. So do let us know in the comments below if some other name knows turmeric in your language, locality or culture! Botanical and Common Names Family Zingiberaceae Curcuma longa syn. The outer surface is deep yellowish brown in colour, longitudinally wrinkled and marked with transverse rings of scars of scale leaves. Most of the languages which have its origin from the Sanskrit language has a similar undertone of the name of Turmeric with slight variation. The lamina is green above and pale green below and has a length of 30-40 cm and width 8-12 cm. 2 T urcuma longa) www.botanicaladulterants.org 1.3 Accepted Latin binomial: Curcuma longa L. 1.4 Synonyms: Curcuma domestica2,10,15,16 1.5 Botanical family: Zingiberaceae 1.6 Distribution: The plant is native to Southeast Asia, especially India.1,11-13,17 It is available in all states of India, but particularly in Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, and It is a widely cultivated plant throughout the tropics. In Arabic, turmeric is referred to by name, In most African region languages, turmeric is referred to name closer or the same as Englis. Turmeric consists of the boiled and dried whole or split and unpeeled rhizome of Curcuma domestica Val. , in Bosnian, it is kurkuma, in Catalan, it goes closer to scientific name and is called Curcuma. Mydukuru type has a higher yield potential than Tekurpet but more inferior in curcumin content. Turmeric is native to south Asia, in particular India, but is cultivated in many warm tropical regions of the world. The scientific name of this common spice is Curcuma longa. In Spanish, French, and Italian, the spice is also called Curcuma. The hot paste of the rhizome is used as a poultice in the treatment of inflammations and joint pains. It grows on underground tubers or Rhizomes. It is sold as an herbal supplement, cosmetics ingredient, food flavoring, and food coloring. It is used for treatment of … Turmeric is sterile (does not produce seed, but it does grow vigorously from the rhizomes). Turmeric, the vibrant yellowish/orange powder that comes from the root of the perennial Curcuma longa plant, has been used for centuries throughout Asia. Botanical Name: Western – Curcuma longa. and Curcuma longa Linn. Turmeric is also used as a colouring and dyeing agent. Turmeric s botanical name is Curcuma longa. Turmeric is an herbaceous perennial growing to a height of one meter. Turmeric: Scientific Name and Common Names in Different Languages, In over 25 languages, Turmeric has a name that straightforward comes from its scientific name. Another feature it shares with ginger is a showy flower (although the showy part is actually a bract, not the true flower), which means an additional use for the plant is as an ornamental. (Reproduced from Wallis). Mañcaḷ in Tamil. Turmeric s botanical name is Curcuma longa. TURMERIC (BOTANICAL NAME : Curcuma Longa) Turmeric contains wide range of antioxidant, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal , anticarcinogenic, antimutagenic and anti inflammatory properties. In over 25 languages, Turmeric has a name that straightforward comes from its scientific name. Turmeric is a perennial herbaceous plant that reaches up to 1 m (3 ft 3 in) tall. It means “saffron” and indicates the coloring properties of the plant. Botanical source: Turmeric consists of the boiled and dried whole or split and unpeeled rhizome of Curcuma domestica Val. Turmeric is the boiled, dried, cleaned and polished rhizomes of Curcuma longa. About 30 flowers are produced in a spike. Propagation Fresh, plump, juicy looking rhizomes should be selected from raw turmeric sold for food. They grow in warm, humid climates and thrive only in temperatures abov… Seeds are produced in capsules … of the family Zingiberaceae. It is used frequently in many dishes there. It is commonly used as a condiment, particularly in the Asian and African countries. Turmeric originated in India and is now cultivated in most parts of tropical Asia. 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Tekurpet’s rhizomes have the right color and higher curing percentage. 65: Turmeric A, finger turmeric; 8, bulb turmeric; C, t.s. The plant is a herbaceous perennial, 60-90 cm high, with a short stem and tufted leaf. Many languages have adopted the version of the scientific name of this herb. The powder prepared from the ground dried rhizome of Haldi, known as Turmeric Power or Haldi powder, is used extensively as a spice, food preservative, cosmetic, and medicine for centuries. Portuguese has a slightly different name to Turmeric than all other languages from that region. It has a long history that links it to Vedic Culture in India. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Curcuma longa L. – common turmeric Subordinate Taxa. Internally the drug is uniformly dull brownish yellow in colour with a waxy appearance. Botanical Name: Curcuma Longa L: English Name: Turmeric Finger: Hindi Name: Haldi: Family Name: Zingiberaceae: Cultivation. Turmeric is mostly found in tropical areas, and it has a different name in different regions and cultures. The plant is a herbaceous perennial, 60-90 cm high, with a short stem and tufted leaf. It is the principal curcuminoid of turmeric (Curcuma longa), a member of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. It has a particular affinity for the blood, 1 and is thereby able to circulate its powerful health benefits throughout the body. It should not […] Javanese turmeric - Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb. It is a plant that has aroused more interest in … Turmeric is also known as Curcuma, Curcumin, Halada, Haldi, Haridra, Indian Saffron, Nisha, Pian Jiang Huang, Rajani, Safran Bourbon, Safran de Batallita, Safran des Indes, Turmeric Root, and Yu Jin. Turmeric is a member of the Curcuma botanical group, which is part of the ginger family of herbs, the Zingiberaceae. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. gurkmeja, Turmerik in Icelandic, and, in Maltese, it is called turmeric. Turmeric is a spice that comes from a plant. In Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, and German, turmeric is called kurkuma. It typically grows to 3-4’ tall in a foliage clump of ornamentally-attractive, canna-like, pleated, elliptic to lanceolate green leaves (each to 3 1/2’ long). Cultivated in India since ancient time. Turmeric should not be confused with Javanese turmeric root (Curcuma zedoaria). The ground tissue is made up of parenchymatous cells, which contain masses of gelatinised starch grains. Curcuma longa is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). Duggirala, Kodur type, Tekurpet, Mydukuru, Sugantham, Alleppey, Kasturi, and Kesar are some other commercially popular varieties. Origin and Distribution Turmeric is the boiled, dried, cleaned and polished rhizomes of Curcuma longa. In Malayalam, it is called Maññaḷ. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It is a Fig. C. domestica (Turmeric, Haldi [Hindi], Jiang Huang [Chinese]) Curcuma zedoaria (Zedoary) Curcuma amada (Mango-Ginger) Curcuma xanthorrhizia (Curcuma, Japanese Turmeric, Tewon Lawa, Temu Lawak) Cautions Turmeric should not be used if there is a bile duct obstruction. h. In Chichewa, Hausa, Igbo, Sesotho, Yoruba, and Zulu, this herb is related to the name Turmeric only. Inflorescence is a central spike of 10-15 cm length. Interpreting Wetland Status. Turmeric is an herbaceous perennial growing to a height of one meter. There are almost 30 known varieties of this herb. Turmeric Botanical name. Short dense spikes of pale yellow flowers are produced in summer. The transversely cut surface shows a paler or darker endodermal ring separating the stele from the cortex, in both of which numerous fibrovascular bundles remain scattered. The botanical name is derived from the Arabic word “al-krukum”. Turmeric (Curcuma longa), also known as yellow ginger or Indian saffron, is a plant from the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). The fresh juice of Turmeric is used internally as a blood purifier. Turmeric is a tropical plant. People in Burma refer to turmeric with name fanwin. Botanical Name: Curcuma longa L. Origin: Madagascar, Sri Lanka or India (see COA for lot specific origin) Process: Steam Distilled Essential Oil Plant Part: Rhizomes Cultivation: Certified Organic (USDA, NOP); Use: Aromatherapy / Natural Perfumery.Always dilute. Aromatic Summary / Note / Strength of Aroma: A base note with a medium aroma, Turmeric Essential Oil has the same fragrant woody scent as the powdered spice used in Eastern cuisine. Apart from having a variety of names, Turmeric can be categorized into different categories, as well. The drug has a characteristic aromatic odour and a somewhat bitterish unpalatable taste. Turmeric is called. cic, circular scar of branch; ct, cortex; en, endodermis; l.s., leaf scar; s, stele; v.b., vascular bundle. Turmeric occurs in whole forms as fingers and bulbs or in longitudinally split pieces. Turmeric contains about 6 per cent of volatile oil, and about 5 per cent of a crystalline yellow substance, curcumin. Curcuma domestica Val.) A decoction prepared from its roots is a good herbal treatment for Migraine and Epilepsy. C. aromatica is often used as a medicinally interchangeable species in traditional Chinese medicine. All parts of the plant are of great medical importance. The scientific name of Turmeric is the botanical name or formal name. Turmeric stands alone for its exceptionally high margin of safety during its over 6,000 years use as a culinary spice in curry and medicinal herb. Turmeric finds itself placed in the Curcuma taxonomic group, which is part of the ginger family. It is commonly used in Asian food. It has a fairly neutral flavor, little spicy. Alternate botanical names: Curcuma domestica Val. Turmeric plant - Curcuma longa L. (Syn. Family. Should your turmeric flower, the flowers are stunning. Turmeric is addressed with different local names around the globe. Botanical Name of Spices, Common Name of Spices, Family Name of Spices, Part Used As … It also contains resin, sugars and starch. It has large, lanceolate leaves, dense spikes of tubular flowers and fleshy, tuberous roots. Short knob like branches and large circular scars of broken off branches often occur on the surface. Overview of Turmeric The botanical name of turmeric is Curcuma longa, and it belong to plant family Zingiberaceae. Turmeric is obtained from plants cultivated in India, China, Indonesia, Bangladesh and Asian countries. Botanical Name: Curcuma longa.. Other Common Names: Indian saffron, haldi, kunyit.. Habitat: Turmeric has its origins most likely in India but today it is common throughout Southeast Asia, China, and southern Australia but can be found in most tropical regions of the world.. Black Turmeric is an Indian spice majorly grown in South India. Its rhizomes (underground stems) are the source of a bright yellow spice and dye. Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. In Belarusian, Bulgarian and Macedonian, it is called. This plant has no children Legal Status. Health Benefits of Turmeric. Turmeric is a spice that comes from the turmeric plant. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Curcuma longa. Ginger family (Zingiberaceae) Useful information about the plant. You have entered an incorrect email address! Parenchymatous cells, which is part of the rhizome is applied externally for brightening colour! “ kurkum ”, which contain masses of gelatinised starch grains of scars of broken off branches occur! 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Were cultivated by Harappan civilization internally the drug has a characteristic aromatic odour a!